How to Get Rid of Keratosis Pilaris Easily
Keratosis Pilaris is a group of non-inflammatory skin diseases characterized by excessive thickening of the stratum corneum and a delay in normal exfoliation.
Expanding, keratinized tissue can cause discomfort in the form of itching, bleeding cracks, erosions, ulcers.
Causes and Guide on how to get rid of Keratosis Pilaris
The main factors that cause skin Keratosis Pilaris are:
- Hereditary predisposition.
- Age changes.
- Infectious diseases.
- Failures in the work of the nervous system.
- Endocrine pathology.
- Lack of vitamins and trace elements.
- Presence of tumors of internal organs.
- The influence of external factors – ultraviolet, radioactive, chemical, mechanical effects.
Types and symptoms
Ichthyosis (keratoma diffuse) – a violation of keratinization, which has various manifestations – from a slight flaking to the appearance on the skin of scales resembling fish.
Follicular (or pilar) keratosis – is the formation in the hair follicles of horny plugs, preventing hair growth. It includes diseases such as hair follicles (small dense nodules of pinkish color), Kirl’s disease (warty-like growths).
Keratodermia of the palms and heels – the appearance of symmetrical horny layers of yellow or brown, surrounded by a purple border. Over time, painful bleeding cracks appear on the surface of the layers, and lesions can spread to the back of the hands and feet, as well as to the elbows and knees. Most often the disease begins to manifest itself in early childhood and progresses over the years.
Porokeratosis Mibelli – formation on the body of gray nodules conical, dense to the touch and with a horn stopper in the center. Gradually, these nodules form on the skin an annular plaque with a diameter of up to 3-4 centimeters, with a westernization in the center and a horny roller along the periphery.
Congenital polykeratosis is a disease that combines the symptoms of various forms of keratosis. It is accompanied by the defeat of the nervous system, bone tissue, as well as other anomalies, including changes in nails, teeth and hair.
Infectious – accompanies such diseases as syphilis, gonorrhea, tuberculosis, leprosy.
Symptomatic – occurs with endocrine disorders (climacteric changes in women), pathologies of the nervous system (palmar-plantar keratoderma).
Paraecological – is typical for some malignant neoplasms of internal organs.
Professional – due to the action of mechanical, chemical, radioactive substances. For example, in x-ray doctors from the defeat of hands by X-rays, from asphalt pavers from contact with oil products, epithelioma and dermal horn from chimney sweeps.
Mechanical – represented mainly by calluses on the hands and feet.
Vitamin – lack of fat-soluble vitamins (groups A, B and C) leads to skin lesions, most often – on the extensor surfaces of the limbs.
It is an age-related disturbance of the processes of keratinization of the epidermis and dysfunction of the secretory capacity of the sebaceous glands. There are the following types:
Actinic (solar, senile) – is caused by excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation. It manifests itself in the form of uneven skin bodily or brown, covered with scales. Such keratomas can degenerate into cancers.
Seborrheic – has the appearance of dry or fat flat plaques of corporal, brown or black color, with a diameter of 2 or more centimeters, reminiscent of the wart and appearing most often in open areas of the skin of the face, neck, back or hands.
Determine what type of neoplasm belongs to, and choose the methods of treatment will help a dermatologist. Very important is differential diagnosis – keratoses resemble other skin diseases. To this end, conduct:
Laboratory investigations – histology is performed during surgical treatment and with the probability of keratomal degeneration.
Instrumental diagnostics – dermatoscopy (examination under magnification), biopsy (material intake), ultrasound.
Treatment for get rid of Keratosis Pilaris
It is usually performed in a hospital and includes:
Medicamentous treatment – at a risk of degeneration of keratomas into malignant, cytostatics and antitumor antibiotics are used.
Local therapy – special creams and ointments containing urea, vitamins A and E, and preparations based on alpha-, hydroxy-, salicylic, lactic acids (fluorouracil, Diclofenac, Imiquimod, Solkoderm) contribute to the softening and exfoliation of keratotic sites.
The diet should include foods rich in vitamins A, B, C, as well as fats. Be sure to observe the drinking regime to prevent dehydration and dry skin.
Carried out with a pronounced cosmetic defect, significant size or lack of results of conservative treatment:
Cryodestruction – removal with liquid nitrogen, suitable for single keratomas.
Laser removal – evaporation of the layers of the affected skin with a laser beam.
Radiosurgical excision is the most optimal method, suitable for any type of keratom and does not leave any scars.
Electrocoagulation – the removal of small formations with an electron knife with minimal trauma.
Photodynamic therapy – application of a photosensitizing agent and exposure to a light wave of a certain length leads to tissue necrosis.
Curettage (scraping) of the sac of the hair follicle is used for follicular keratoses.
Surgical method – carried out with a large size of the keratinization center, as well as to remove nearby tissues in case of its degeneration.
Treatment with folk remedies
There are methods to eliminate small areas of Keratosis Pilaris at home. They can be used only with the approval of a dermatologist:
Aloe vera juice or compresses with frozen leaves help to eliminate the manifestations of the disease.
Oil of a walnut – promotes slowing down of a growth of a neoplasm.
Purity – lubrication with plant juice or special ointment reduces the size of the keratoma.
Baths with broths of herbs (chamomiles, turns, sage, calendula) soothe the skin, relieve itching.
Most often, children are prone to follicular Keratosis Pilaris. Usually it does not require treatment and passes by itself after puberty. For appearance (a puncture rash in the form of many prickly nodules), the disease is called goose-skin. During exacerbations, especially in the cold season, the elements of the rash turn red and can itch.
To facilitate the condition helps:
- Exfoliating and moisturizing the skin, removing itching with the help of special creams and ointments.
- Strengthening the immune system.
- Drinking enough vitamins, fluids.
- Elimination of contacts with allergens.
- Limitation of stress and excessive psychological stress.
Hormonal changes can provoke the appearance (or increase) of seborrheic keratosis in pregnant women. Such manifestations do not affect the condition of the fetus and usually disappear after childbirth. However, to exclude the possibility of the appearance of other skin lesions, similar in symptoms to keratoma, consultation with a dermatologist is desirable.
To prevent the emergence of Keratosis Pilaris will help comply with certain rules:
Avoid the harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation – do not sunbathe from 10 to 16 hours, cover unprotected skin, use sunscreen.
Do not expose newborns to sun exposure, children’s sunscreen products are designed for children from 6 months.
To examine your skin for the appearance of tumors, to monitor the size of the already existing ones.
Avoid contact with aggressive chemicals.
Do not wear tight clothes and shoes.
In time to treat the disease.
Properly eat and lead a healthy lifestyle.
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